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Best Shade Trees

Shade trees are a great benefit to any landscape and cools the house while increasing propety value. Choosing a good shade tree should involve several considerations. How large do you want it at maturity? Do you want a fast-growing-tree? Do you want your tree to bloom? Do you care if it is evergreen or deciduous (drops its leaves in the winter?)

In Planting a new tree, always make a hole at least twice as wide as the container and as deep as the contaainer. After placing the tree in the hole, fill with a mixture of 1/3 top soil, 1/3 compost. Be careful not to bury the root flare. The root flares where the trunk ends and you can see the roots radiate into the soil. After filling in the soil, water well with a root stimulator and mulch deeply at least 4 x 6 inches and 4 x 4 feet wide. Mulching and keeping the mulch fresh year round can double the growth rate of a young tree.

Hail (The State tree!)

Pecans, the state tree, are native to our area. For proper nut production, pecans require fertilizing and watering. The hybrid varieties are grafted onto native trees with larger paper shell nuts.

  • Choctaw -- Very large soft shell. Good quality. Early bearing. Good production. Large tree. Excellent for shade - resistant to scab-resistant. Ripens November.
  • Desirable-- Large to medium soft shell. Productive consistent bearer. Very good enating quality. Large trees. Disease and scab resistant. Ripens October to November.
  • Mohawk -- Large soft shelled nuts. Hight quality. Heavy porducer. Excellent for yards. Ripens September to October.
  • Pawnee-- Large soft shell nuts. Strong vigorous. Early nut maturity. Aphid resistant. Ripens in September.

Large Shade Trees for the South Texas Area

  • Monterrey Oak -- Quercus polymorha; evergreen
  • Live Oak -- Quercus virginiana; evergreen
  • Red Oak -- Quercus shumardi; fall color
  • Bald Cypress -- Taxodium Distinchum Fall color
  • Montezuma Cypress -- Taxodium Mucronatum; fall color
  • Mexican Sycamore -- Platanus Occidentullis
  • Cedar Elm -- Ulmus Crassifolia
  • Southern Magnolia -- Magnolia gradiflora; blooms/evergreen
  • Burr Oak -- Quercus Macrocarpa
  • Chinquapin Oak -- Quercus Muhlengergii

Medium Trees for the South Texas Area

  • Chinese Pistache -- fall color
  • Afghan Pine -- evergreen
  • Redbud -- Blooms
  • Arizona Cypress -- Evergreen
  • Crepe Myrtle -- Blooms
  • Bradford Pear -- Blooms
  • Mountain Laurel -- Blooms
  • Mimosa -- Blooms
  • Desert Willow -- Blooms